The South African
Military History Society
Newsletter No 332 KwaZulu-Natal Branch
The first announcement at the February meeting was to inform the largest audience we have ever had at a Society meeting in Durban, that there was to be a change in the main talk. Due to business pressure, our Vice Chairman Bill Brady could not be certain of being in Durban for the March meeting when he was due to give the main talk, and agreement was reached for him to give his talk in February and for Major John Buchan to delay his talk until the March meeting.
Key words (tags):
books, the Book ‘Bismarck, Dorsetshire and Memories’, Ray Lock, Warship World, autobiography, war stories, memoirs, military history, naval
After completing his initial training he was drafted to HMS Dorsetshire, a “County” Class cruiser and’ he joined the ship as it sailed off to protect convoys in African waters. It was the start of an amazing wartime experience for our speaker and he started with an explanation of how they were escorting a convoy off the coast of West Africa and going north, when he heard a change in the tone of the engines and the Dorsetshire sailed north and away from the convoy. Although at the time the crew did not know it, the Dorsetshire was sailing towards the great sea battle that saw the sinking of the Bismarck. On their way the dramatic news was received of the sinking of HMS Hood. We then heard in detail how the battle developed, with the Bismarck and the Prince Eugen sailing into the North Atlantic from Norway, the search and eventual finding of both ships and how the Royal navy gave chase. The tactics used and the mistakes made before a shot was fired were also described and how, in parallel, the Dorsetshire approached from the south with Able Seaman Ray Locke on board. Importantly he was not just “on board” he was “on deck” as he was part of the crew handling P 14 inch anti aircraft guns, positioned in the front on the port side, and this gave him a grandstand view as one of the great naval battles of World War II unfolded.
On arrival in the area, the Dorsetshire came under the command of Admiral Tovey on HMS King George V, with instructions to fire from the south with the KGV and HMS Rodney to concentrate their fire from the north when the battle started. What was not known was that torpedoes fired from Swordfish aircraft operating from the Ark Royal had damaged the rudder of the Bismarck in
an attack the previous evening. The following morning the Rodney suffered damage as she closed in on the Bismarck but accurate shelling from all ships also damaged the Bismarck and eventually the Dorsetshire fired 3 fatal torpedoes – all were direct hits – and the Bismarck sank within 10 minutes. Ray Lock saw the torpedoes fired, watched their approach and saw them hit their target
and described it all with wonderful clarity.
With the battle over, the Dorsetshire went to the UK for a major refit and returned to Simonstown, arriving in December 1941 to hear the news of the attack on Pearl Harbour. She then sailed to Colombo (in what was Ceylon) and together with HMS Cornwall sailed from there to join the Eastern Fleet. When 500 miles south west of Colombo, 70 Japanese dive-bombers attacked both ships and both were sunk within 12 minutes of the start of the action. The combined casualties were around 500 killed, 500 wounded and 400 unhurt. Ray Lock was one of those wounded with shrapnel and shot wounds and the survivors were in the water or on rafts for 32 hours before the Royal Navy picked them up. With no medical facilities of any kind and only one qualified doctor it took a further 3 weeks before they returned to Durban for hospital treatment. Our speaker was in hospital for 8 months before returning to
sea, gaining his commission and seeing more naval action in the Mediterranean.
Ray Lock gave us all the sort of talk that could only be given by someone who “was there”. He spoke with very few notes and his command of the detail was as impressive as the eloquent and personal way he described these great events.
The South African Military History Society
Newsletter No 332 KwaZulu-Natal Branch
and evermore he takes the tool of thought
and, shaping what he wills,
brings forth a thousand joys,
a thousand ills.
He thinks in secret
and it comes to pass –
Environment is but his looking glass.”
Thanks so much for sharing with me, dad. Your spirit (“driven”) lives on, as I “work” * on sharing your unique story.
* It’s not really “work”, but a “labour of love”.
For further info on my dad’s book, email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
www.lulu.com/craiglock“The world’s smallest and most exclusive bookstore”
– Winston Churchill (in an adress